Water vs. Sports Drinks

Sports drinks like Gatorade and PowerAde are designed to provide carbohydrate and electrolytes for exercise lasting 1 hour or longer or for exercise in extreme heat and humidity.

Protein vs. Carbohydrates

Protein can be used moderately in a pre-game meal/snack, but cannot provide the same effect as carbohydrate for “quick energy” to perform.

How to Tell if You Are Hydrated

How do you know if you are hydrated? The best way to tell if you are hydrated is to look at the color of your urine.


Carbohydrate is the body’s #1 source of energy; it fuels daily living and exercise activity.


Carbohydrate is stored in the muscle AND liver; the storage form of carbohydrate is called glycogen; it is what you rely on for energy during long bouts of exercise.

Sports Drinks…Is One Better?

Your goal is to choose a sport drink that is 6-8% carbohydrate which is optimal for athletic performance/training and gastric emptying during training.